A Huge hot summer is already half way by now.
It is going to be in full form within months & this is the right time to cool our home with some green.
Planting more trees around you will help in blocking the direct penetration of ultraviolet harmful rays of the sun. It will also increase the inflow of oxygen in the environment and will reduce the need for air conditioners.
So, choose one from our Top 5, that can cover a lot green in next 3 months.
Which Plants to Choose?
Mainly assess these characteristics of your terrace accurately: Do you want to grow plants on its floor, in raised beds or in pots? Do you have large or small terrace? Is it shady or sunny?
Commonly it is better to choose large containers when growing plants for terrace garden because in large containers, plants grow more easily: better moisture conservation and nutrient supply, room for the good root development . Well sized pots or raised beds, an ideal exposure to sun, water, slightly acidic and fertile soil and sufficient drainage, this is all you need to have your own vegetable .
1. Bottle gourd
Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) is an annual, vigorous, climbing vine with large leaves and white flowers also known as Opo squash, bottle squash, long Opo, long upo, calabash, Po gua, Pul Qua, and long melon (Chinese melon), yugao, and in India as lauki, dudhi, doodhi, aal or ghiya, Bhim. In Southern Italy, a similar plant is cucuzza, which grows vegetables upto to 3 feet long.
Follow the step-by-step instructions on growing (lagenaria siceraria )bottle- gourd with information on its flowers, pollination, pests and diseases and fertilization. are several shapes of lagenaria bottle gourd, namely
- High round bottle gourd
- Cylindrical bottle gourd
- Bottle shape bottle gourd
- Long bottle gourd.
Each year you have to grow a new plant as it is an annual plant. The bottle gourd plant grows quite quickly, very vigorously and spread to long distancs since they provide a perfect shadow and a cover you home green
Once you have seeded the plants water them regularly as simple as that you can have the best and beautiful vegetables in hand within a month or two
All the gourds such as bottle, snake, ridge, bitter, ash, pumpkin, etc, can be grown in similar manner.
2. Tomato 🍅:
Vegetables need more care then herbs, so if you’re growing them for first time, start by salads: tomatoes, especially cherry tomatoes, radishes and cucumbers are easy to grow.
Select a site with full sun and well-drained soil. For northern regions, is is VERY important that your site receives at least 6 hours of sun. For southern regions, light afternoon shade will help tomatoes survive and thrive.Two weeks before transplanting seedlings outdoors, till soil to about 1 foot and mix in aged manure, compost, or fertilizer.
Harden off transplants for a week before moving outdoors.Transplant after last spring frost when the soil is warm.
Establish tomato stakes or cages in the soil at the time of planting. Staking keeps developing tomato fruit off the ground, Now, Plant seedlings two feet apart.
Pinch off a few of the lower branches on transplants, and plant the root ball deep enough so that the remaining lowest leaves are just above the surface of the soil.Water generously for the first few days.
Water well throughout the growing season, about 2 inches per week during the summer. Keep watering consistent. Two weeks prior to first picking and again two weeks after first picking.
3. Lemon 🍋
Lemons can make excellent houseplants and will be comfortable in a container as long it provides adequate drainage and room for growth. Heights of around 3 to 5 feet can be expected for a lemon tree growing indoors. They also prefer well-draining, slightly acidic soil. Keep the soil evenly moist and fertilize as needed .
Lemon trees require lots of light; therefore, they may need to be supplemented with fluorescent grow lights during winter.Many lemon trees are container- grown, purchased straight from the nursery. However, they can be propagated through cuttings , air layering and seed. The variety usually dictates the best method used; yet, different people see different results using different methods. Therefore, it’s best to find the method that works for you.
The majority find it easier to propagate lemons by rooting large cuttings. While seeds can be used, the seedlings are usually slow to bear.
When choosing to grow from seeds, allow them to dry out for a week or two. Once dried, plant the seeds about an inch deep in good potting soil and cover with clear plastic wrap. Set the pot in a sunny location and wait for it to reach 6 to 12 inches before transplanting outdoors or to another pot.
4. Watermelon 🍉:
Watermelons need a long growing season (at least 80 days) and warm ground for seeds to germinate and grow. Soil should be 70 degrees F or warmer at planting time. Sow seeds 1 inch deep and keep well watered until germination. To get a jumpstart in cooler climates, cover the planting area with black plastic to warm up the soil and start seeds indoors two or three weeks before they are to be set out in the garden. Don’t start seeds any earlier, because large watermelon seedlings transplant poorly. Plant 3 seeds in 3- or 4-inch peat pots or large cell packs, and thin to the best plant. Sow watermelon seeds 1/2 inch deep. Place in a sunny south-facing window or under lights to germinate.
5. Aloe Vera
Aloes and various cacti are low maintenance. You can grow them in small pots too.You can grow Aloe Vera . This requires less water to grow. As we all know that AloeVera is used for cosmetic as well as medicinal purposes, this will be great use for you and your family.
Aloe plants have relatively short roots and heavy leaves, so they are commonly moved to a heavier pot when they become top- heavy and tip over. If Aloe vera runs out of space for its roots to grow, it may start to produce “pups” that can be moved to their own pot .If you are more interested in the adult plant growing than producing new plants, transplant it to a larger pot before the roots begin to circle the walls of its container.
Some more seeds to know before gardening
In summer, especially in warm Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate zones those who live in cities and have balconies as the “green oasis,” the plants there get exposed to strong, intense sunlight. To keep container gardens cooler
- Use light-colored pots that reflect sunlight and absorb less heat.
- Group plant containers together. Individual pots are exposed to sun and wind on multiple sides. Pots in groups shade each other, and shield each other from the wind.
- Use shade net to filter the hot summer sun. Shade net is available in mesh sizes that reduce incoming sun by 33% and 50%. The 33% mesh is fine for most container gardens during the hottest part of the summer. Use 50% mesh in very hot climates or hot exposures.
- Water frequently in hot weather. Evaporation cools container gardens.
- Set potted vegetables in shallow trays of gravel. Water that drains through the pots evaporates slowly from the trays, cooling the surrounding area and increasing humidity around your container garden vegetables.
- Choose dark-colored pots or window boxes. Dark materials absorb heat.
- Use dark-colored mulches to warm the soil surface in the pots.
- Cover the plants at night, or move them under cover of a carport or awning.
- Place plants against a sunny wall.
- Cooling Container Gardens
- The easiest way to cool a container garden, is to keep it from getting too hot in the first place. During heat waves, Shade Net is the container gardener’s best friend. Especially if the heat comes right after transplanting, before the plants have established.
Some more summer killing plants can be :
- Cacti and other show plants like croton which take less water when compared to other plants.
- And coming to veggies. You can do kitchen farming in your terrace indeed. Many plants such as brinjal,green chillies and bell peppers can be grown in pots.
- You can also grow greens such as coriander,mint, curry leaves, fenugreek, Amaranthus and spinach on your terrace.
🌲 🌲 If a tree dies, plant another in its place . All our wisdom is stored in trees 🌲 🌲
So, adopt a plant and beat the heat this summer with these cool and easy gardening ideas.
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